Celebrate Hispanic Heritage
September 14, 2021
It's time to celebrate and honor the cultures and contributions of both Hispanic and Latino Americans. National Hispanic Heritage Month is September 15 - October 15. September 15 was chosen as the starting point for the commemoration because it is the anniversary of independence of five Hispanic countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, who all declared independence in 1821. In addition, Mexico, Chile and Belize celebrate their independence days on September 16, September 18, and September 21 respectively.
The following are short excerpts from “Key facts about U.S. Latinos for National Hispanic Heritage Month” from the Pew Research Center.
- The U.S. Hispanic population reached 62.1 million in 2020, up from 50.5 million in 2010. The 23% increase in the Hispanic population was faster than the nation’s growth rate (+7%), but a slower increase than in the Asian population (+36%). In 2020 Hispanics made up 19% of the U.S. population, up from 16% in 2010 and just 5% in 1970.
- Hispanics have become the largest racial or ethnic group in California. This demographic milestone happened in 2014. In 2020, there were about 15.6 million Hispanics in California, up from 14.0 million in 2010.
- In 2019, 72% of Latinos ages 5 and older spoke English proficiently, up from 59% in 2000.
- About 42% of U.S. Hispanic adults ages 25 and older had at least some college experience in 2019, up from 36% in 2010.
- People of Mexican origin accounted for nearly 62% (about 37.2 million) of the nation’s overall Hispanic population as of 2019.
- The fastest population growth among U.S. Latinos has come among those with origins in Venezuela, Guatemala and Honduras.
- As of 2019, 80% of Latinos living in the country are U.S. citizens, up from 74% in 2010.
Complete list of Key Facts About U.S. Latinos for National Hispanic Heritage Month from the Pew Research Center: